Bosnia and Herzegovina

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BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina lies in the Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro.

Climate: Continental Mediterranean climate bosnia
Area: 51,197 sq km
Population: 4,622,163 (July 2011 est.)


Ethnic Groups: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6%

Religions: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%

Cities: Capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.

Other bigger cities are: Banja LukaBihaćBrčkoMostar, Tuzla and Zenica.bosnia and herzegovina-flag


Languages:

The official languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina are: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. Though, they are very similar and in the time of Yugoslavia they were actually one language. By learning one of these languages, the other two are automatically learned too.

Alphabets: Latin and Cyrillic.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.

Constitution: The Dayton Agreement, signed December 14, 1995, included a new constitution now in force.

Independence: April 1992 (from Yugoslavia).

Economy

Nominal GDP (2009): $17.1 billion. (U.S. $1 = 1.45 KM)

GDP real growth rate (2009 est.): -3.2%.

Nominal GDP per capita: $4,700.

Inflation rate (2010 est.): 2.5%.

Monetary unit: Konvertibilna marka (KM) – int. BAM

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